A model to measure the efficiency of hospital performance

Abstract

The establishment of specific and thoroughly researched criteria to evaluate hospitals’ activity is very important because there is a huge and increasing amount of public resources dedicated to healthcare. Therefore, it is necessary to design a system to evaluate healthcare performance in order to discover and improve potential inefficiencies. With this goal in mind, the purpose of this paper is to analyse efficiency in three healthcare service units in Valencian hospitals to establish appropriate guidelines for efficiency performance.

Three healthcare service units of 22 hospitals in the Valencian Community (East Spain) with a waiting list higher than average were selected (general surgery, ophthalmology, traumatology orthopaedic surgery). In this study, a non-parametric methodology, known as the DEA model (Data Envelopment Analysis), was used along with two efficiency indexes which were specially designed. Discriminant analyses proved the effectiveness of these two indexes, therefore the indicators are an easier and effective methodology for measuring efficiency than the DEA Model. In addition, the discriminant analysis offers a function which classifies new health services as efficient or inefficient.

In conclusion, this paper offers tools for evaluating the performance of hospital activity which are useful for both hospital management and health administration controlling hospital performance.

Artículo completo en ScienceDirect.
October 2010